Home > News > Dangerous chemical transportation safety management upgrade 17 kinds of liquid chemicals must find the right tanker on the road

Dangerous chemical transportation safety management upgrade 17 kinds of liquid chemicals must find the right tanker on the road

wallpapers News 2020-12-06

From January 1, 2015, if the tank car transporting 17 kinds of liquid dangerous goods such as acetone, benzene, methanol, etc.

is not equipped with emergency cut-off device without safety technical inspection certificate, it will not be able to pass the annual review be cancelled its road transport certificate, thus becoming a "black car".

Zhan Yulin, director of the freight logistics management division of the Transport Department of the Ministry of transport, pointed out that dangerous chemical transportation safety involves people's livelihood.

Grasping the key link of "vehicle" can play a multiplier role in preventing road traffic accidents.

The reporter also learned in the investigation interview a few days ago that dangerous chemical transportation enterprises are busy installing emergency cut-off devices.

Most large medium-sized hazardous chemical logistics enterprises have completed the installation, but the installation situation of small enterprises is not optimistic.

According to statistics, China's annual output of refined oil is about 300 million tons, the annual output of sulfuric acid is 76 million tons, the annual output of methanol is 26 million tons.

These products basically need to be transported by liquid dangerous goods tankers through roads.

By the end of 2013, there were 310000 vehicles for road transport of dangerous goods, including 160000 tank cars, accounting for more than 50%.

According to experience, the accident probability loss caused by tank cars are much higher than those of other types of dangerous goods transport vehicles.

This year, the "3 · 1" accident of Jinji Expressway the "5 · 18" tetrachloroethane leakage accident of Tonglu, Zhejiang Province, the "8 · 26" accident of Baotou Maoming Expressway the "6 · 29" leakage accident of Guangdong Province occurred in 2012, the "3 · 29" accident of Beijing Shanghai Expressway occurred in 2005 Liquid chlorine leakage accidents, such as liquid dangerous goods tank cars are rear end, roll, resulting in the leakage of dangerous goods, resulting in huge loss of life property.

"Therefore, the tanker of liquid dangerous goods should be the top priority of our supervision work.

Good management of liquid dangerous goods tanker will greatly reduce the risk of road transport of dangerous goods reduce accident losses Zhan Yulin said.

The installation of emergency cut-off device is one of the important technical means to improve the dangerous chemical tanker.

In the process of loading, unloading driving of the tank car, if the tank car has liquid leakage, the emergency cut-off device can quickly block the liquid, avoid large-scale liquid leakage, provide a insurance for the transportation of dangerous chemicals.

After five departments issued two documents to promote the installation of Jinji expressway "3 · 1" especially serious road traffic dangerous chemicals explosion accident, the State Administration of work safety, the Ministry of industry information technology, the Ministry of public security, the Ministry of transportation the General Administration of quality supervision, inspection Quarantine of the people's Republic of China issued two documents to promote the installation of "3 · 1" extremely serious road traffic dangerous chemicals explosion accident The notice on installation of emergency cut-off device on tank cars for liquid dangerous goods in use (ajzgs [2014] No.

74, hereinafter referred to as "74") was issued Requirements: since the date of the issuance of this notice, the newly produced tank cars for liquid dangerous goods shall be equipped with emergency cut-off devices.

If they are not installed as required, they shall be recalled in accordance with the regulations on the administration of recall of defective automobile products, the legal liabilities of the manufacturers shall be strictly investigated.

The tank cars for liquid dangerous goods that leave the factory after November 1, 2006 shall be equipped with emergency cut-off device, otherwise they are unqualified products.

The production enterprises refitting enterprises of liquid dangerous goods tank cars shall formulate detailed installation work plan, issue announcement or implement them one by one, reasonably arrange the installation time, Inform the users of tank cars to install emergency cut-off devices free of charge bear the reasonable expenses incurred.

The installation of emergency cut-off device shall be completed before December 31, 2014.

Since January 1, 2015, the annual review of liquid dangerous goods tank cars without emergency cut-off device safety technology inspection certificate shall not be passed, their road transportation certificate shall be cancelled.

After the release of No.

74 document, it has caused great repercussions in hazardous chemical logistics enterprises.

However, there is a general response in the industry that not all hazardous chemical transport vehicles must be equipped with emergency shut-off valves.

On December 20, in view of the problems about the medium range of emergency cut-off device installed on tank cars of liquid dangerous goods, 5 departments determined released 17 kinds of liquid dangerous goods list, reiterated that all localities should strictly check the tank cars without emergency cut-off device as required from January 1, 2015.

Compared with the introduction of documents, dangerous chemical logistics enterprises know the importance of emergency cut-off device earlier.

"We all design emergency tank cars according to the European American stards.

So we always have an emergency cut-off device in our tank cars, so we don't need to add any more.

" Cui Yongwei, manager of Shong Yichang Logistics Co., Ltd., told reporters that the company is the largest dangerous chemical logistics enterprise in Shong Province.

In the interview, the reporter found that enterprises with early preparation are more common in large medium-sized hazardous chemical logistics enterprises.

"All the new tankers our company has entered since 2012 are equipped with emergency cut-off device, which is also for the safety of the enterprise itself, tank car manufacturers have recommended the use of this technology in recent years.

The cost of emergency cut-off device is not high, thouss of yuan, which has little impact on the logistics cost of enterprises, but can greatly improve the transportation safety of trucks, so many regular logistics enterprises will choose to use it Jingbo Logistics Co., Ltd. business manager zhongjihu said.

But in the process of reporters' interviews, there are also different voices.

"To tell you the truth, it took less than five months from the issuance of the document to the implementation.

At the beginning, there was no clear scope of goods.

Many enterprises were waiting waiting.

Now that we have a list, it is too late for us to load more than 10 trucks at once.

" The captain of a small dangerous chemical team expressed his dissatisfaction.

According to another industry source who did not want to be named, the overall management of hazardous chemical logistics transportation in China is relatively chaotic, Illegal Refitting smuggling are frequently prohibited.

After the new measures come out, if strict inspection is not carried out, the original intention of security management in document 74 may not be realized.

In the interview, the reporter also found that a considerable number of transport vehicles of hazardous chemical logistics enterprises use outsourcing vehicles.

They do not directly manage vehicles, but just look for qualified teams to cooperate.

In this regard, Zhan Yulin pointed out that at present, the equipment management of road dangerous goods transport vehicles involves multiple departments.

Due to the imperfection of the effective department coordination mechanism, the safety risks in the process of vehicle design, production inspection are easy to accumulate, eventually transfer to the end -- road transport industry, to the transportation departmentIt is very difficult to supervise control the safety of transportation enterprises.

Therefore, under the existing system, the transportation department should strictly control the technology of dangerous goods transport vehicles equipment, strengthen coordination with other regulatory departments, ensure that the legal compliant transport vehicles equipment of dangerous goods enter the transport market.

In the future, it is necessary to explore the establishment of the collection, reporting processing mechanism of equipment defect information of transport vehicles, form a closed-loop management of road dangerous goods transport vehicles equipment.

(source: China Chemical Industry News.


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